Under limited circumstances, a creditor may be able to block a bankruptcy discharge of his debt. For example, if a creditor can prove that he gave a loan in reasonable reliance on a financial statement which was false in important details and given with the intent to deceive him, he may avoid having the debt discharged. If a creditor tries to avoid the discharge for this reason and fails, the bankruptcy judge may order the creditor to pay for the debtor’s attorney fees and costs in defending the action.
These are just examples of problems that may occasionally arise in a bankruptcy proceeding. They are among the many matters which you should discuss in detail with your attorney prior to filing for bankruptcy.
A Chapter 7 filing should have no effect on such collections.
Although filing bankruptcy stops, or stays, all efforts to collect debts, the Bankruptcy Code excludes actions to collect child support or spousal maintenance from the stay unless the creditor attempts to collect from the property of the estate. In a Chapter 7 proceeding, property of the estate includes all possessions, money, and interests the debtor owns at the time he or she files. Money earned after the bankruptcy is filed, however, is not property of the estate. Since most child and spousal support is paid out of the debtor’s current income, the bankruptcy should have little impact.
A debtor under Chapter 13 must pay all domestic support obligations that fall due after the petition is filed. Failure to do so could result in dismissal of the case.
Neither a Chapter 7 nor a Chapter 13 discharge affects future child or spousal support obligations. In other words, even at the conclusion of the bankruptcy proceeding, these on-going obligations remain. More information on Utah Bankruptcy can be found here.